--- - |2 Abstract Background Numerous studies have evaluated the significance of the microRNA‐10b (miR‐10b) in the development and progression of many cancers. Their findings revealed that increased expression of miR‐10b is associated with unfavorable prognosis in patients with cancer. Results A total of 1,834 patients from 19 studies were included in this study. A significantly shorter overall survival was observed in patients with increased expression of miR‐10b (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.99, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.51–2.61). Statistical significance was also observed in subgroup meta‐analysis stratified by the cancer type, cutoff value, analysis type, and sample size. Also, patients with a high expression level of miR‐10b had a poorer disease‐free survival rate (HR = 1.18, 95% CI: 1.05–1.33). In addition, the pooled odds ratios (ORs) showed that increased miR‐10b was also associated with positive lymph node metastasis (OR = 2.09, 95% CI: 1.45–3.03), distant metastasis (OR = 2.40, 95% CI: 1.57–3.67), tumor size (OR = 3.86, 95% CI: 2.25–6.64), and poor clinical stage (OR = 5.02, 95% CI: 3.37–7.47). Materials and Methods A systematic literature search was conducted on a number of electronic databases, including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Springer, Google Scholar, and Gene expression omnibus. We retrieved the relevant articles to examine the association between the miR‐10b expression levels and patients’ prognosis. The meta‐analysis was conducted using the RevMan 5.2 software and Stata SE12.0 software. Conclusions High miR‐10b expression was correlated with poor clinical outcome, which indicated the potential clinical use of miR‐10b as a molecular biomarker for cancer, particularly in assessing prognosis for patients with cancers. Further studies should be performed to verify the clinical utility of miR‐10b in human solid tumors. - 'Journal of Cellular Physiology, Volume 234, Issue 2, Page 1248-1256, February 2019. '