--- - "\nThese results indicate that Irisin promoted Nkx2.5+ cardiac progenitor cell (CPC)‐induced cardiac regeneration and functional improvement and that Irisin serves as a novel therapeutic approach for stem cells in cardiac repair. MI: myocardial infarction. \n\n\n\n\n\nIrisin, a newly identified hormone and cardiokine, is critical for modulating body metabolism. New evidence indicates that irisin protects the heart against myocardial ischemic injury. However, whether irisin enhances cardiac progenitor cell (CPC)‐induced cardiac repair remains unknown. This study examines the effect of irisin on CPC‐induced cardiac repair when these cells are introduced into the infarcted myocardium. Nkx2.5+ CPC stable cells were isolated from mouse embryonic stem cells. Nkx2.5\n+ CPCs (0.5 × 10\n6) were reintroduced into the infarcted myocardium using PEGlylated fibrin delivery. The mouse myocardial infarction model was created by permanent ligation of the left anterior descending (LAD) artery. Nkx2.5\n+ CPCs were pretreated with irisin at a concentration of 5 ng/ml in vitro for 24 hr before transplantation. Myocardial functions were evaluated by echocardiographic measurement. Eight weeks after engraftment, Nkx2.5\n+ CPCs improved ventricular function as evident by an increase in ejection fraction and fractional shortening. These findings are concomitant with the suppression of cardiac hypertrophy and attenuation of myocardial interstitial fibrosis. Transplantation of Nkx2.5\n+ CPCs promoted cardiac regeneration and neovascularization, which were increased with the pretreatment of Nkx2.5\n+ CPCs with irisin. Furthermore, irisin treatment promoted myocyte proliferation as indicated by proliferative markers Ki67 and phosphorylated histone 3 and decreased apoptosis. Additionally, irisin resulted in a marked reduction of histone deacetylase 4 and increased p38 acetylation in cultured CPCs. These results indicate that irisin promoted Nkx2.5\n+ CPC‐induced cardiac regeneration and functional improvement and that irisin serves as a novel therapeutic approach for stem cells in cardiac repair." - 'Journal of Cellular Physiology, Volume 234, Issue 2, Page 1671-1681, February 2019. '