--- - |2- In this study, we identified eight functional long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) for atrial fibrillation based on competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) hypothesis. These eight lncRNAs showed a good diagnostic power for atrial fibrillation (AF) and could be used as potential biomarkers Abstract A mounting body of evidence has suggested that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play critical roles in human diseases by acting as competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs). However, the functions and ceRNA mechanisms of lncRNAs in atrial fibrillation (AF) remain to date unclear. In this study, we constructed an AF‐related lncRNA‐mRNA network (AFLMN) based on ceRNA theory, by integrating probe reannotation pipeline and microRNA (miRNA)‐target regulatory interactions. Two lncRNAs with central topological properties in the AFLMN were first obtained. By using bidirectional hierarchical clustering, we identified two modules containing four lncRNAs, which were significantly enriched in many known pathways of AF. To elucidate the ceRNA interactions in certain disease or normal condition, the dysregulated lncRNA‐mRNA crosstalks in AF were further analyzed, and six hub lncRNAs were obtained from the network. Furthermore, random walk analysis of the AFLMN suggested that lncRNA RP11‐296O14.3 may function importantly in the pathological process of AF. All these eight lncRNAs that were identified from previous steps (RP11‐363E7.4, GAS5, RP11‐410L14.2, HAGLR, RP11‐421L21.3, RP11‐111K18.2, HOTAIRM1, and RP11‐296O14.3) exhibited a strong diagnostic power for AF. The results of our study provide new insights into the functional roles and regulatory mechanisms of lncRNAs in AF, and facilitate the discovery of novel diagnostic biomarkers or therapeutic targets. - 'Journal of Cellular Physiology, EarlyView. '