MetaTOC stay on top of your field, easily

A Comparison of Market Integration in Nineteenth‐Century China and Japan


Australian Economic History Review

Published online on


This paper performs a cointegration analysis using an Error Correction Model (ECM) on annual rice prices to measure and compare market integration in China and Japan during the nineteenth century. We find markets in Japan were more integrated than in China at both the regional and national levels during the period. Moreover, market integration in Japan improved during industrialisation. These findings support the view that a well‐integrated market is a cause as well as a result of economic growth.