MetaTOC stay on top of your field, easily

Sociological Quarterly

Impact factor: 1.545 5-Year impact factor: 1.631 Print ISSN: 0038-0253 Publisher: Wiley Blackwell (Blackwell Publishing)

Subject: Sociology

Most recent papers:

  • Whatever Happened to Drama? A Configurational–Comparative Analysis of Genre Trajectory in American Cinema, 1946–2013.
    Claude Rubinson, John Mueller.
    Sociological Quarterly. September 14, 2016
    Although usually conceived of and studied as individual types, genres are frequently combined in practice. This research examines how genres are combined in popular American films, and how the popularity of particular combinations changed between 1946 and 2013. Distinguishing between “contextual genres” (which identify a film's subject matter) and “affective genres” (which identify a film's intent), we find marked differences between the postwar and blockbuster eras of the Hollywood film industry. The blockbuster era exhibits less generic diversity than the earlier postwar era. Furthermore, the popular postwar‐era films dealt with serious subjects and were set in realistic settings. The blockbuster era replaced these with intense, nonrealistic films. We also find that the relationship between contextual and affective genres changes within industry eras, with affective genres dominating at the beginning of new periods and the popularity of contextual genres growing as the period progresses.
    September 14, 2016   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12156   open full text
  • Introduction: Sociology Reads the Movies—Enduring Salience of the Founders' Paradigms.
    J. Greg Getz.
    Sociological Quarterly. August 28, 2016
    There is no abstract available for this paper.
    August 28, 2016   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12157   open full text
  • Transmission of Ideology Through Film: The Cinematic Construction of Gendered Domination in Mr. Deeds Goes to Town.
    J. Greg Getz.
    Sociological Quarterly. August 13, 2016
    Contemporary applications of behavioral and social science to the understanding of how cinematic narratives influence viewers tend to be bifurcated. Cognitive film/media theorists and psychologists emphasize microlevel processes at the expense of the macrolevel. Sociological approaches emphasize macrolevel analysis at the expense of the microlevel. Bridging these two levels is the mesolevel concept of identification elaborated to apply to stereotypic role relationships; that is, schemas or associative networks linking thoughts, memories, emotions, and behaviors. Here assumptions of Social Cognitive Theory and Transactional Analysis are employed to contextualize a discussion of how cinematic narrative can operate to construct an ideologically hegemonic narrative reinforcing the legitimation of gendered domination at the sociocultural (macro)level of analysis.
    August 13, 2016   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12155   open full text
  • Does Higher Education Cause Religious Decline?: A Longitudinal Analysis of the Within‐ and Between‐Person Effects of Higher Education on Religiosity.
    Philip Schwadel.
    Sociological Quarterly. July 23, 2016
    Although there is ample empirical evidence of the associations between higher education and various aspects of religiosity, the causal mechanisms producing these associations remain unclear. I use four waves of longitudinal data, with respondents ranging in age from 13 to 29, to model the within‐ and between‐person effects of higher education on several measures of religiosity. The results show that earning a bachelor's degree is associated with within‐person declines in some but not all measured aspects of religiosity, which partially supports the argument that higher education causes religious decline. The results also suggest that those predisposed to attending religious services self‐select into higher education, that relatively religious youth in general self‐select into nonelite colleges, and that those with low levels of religious belief self‐select into elite universities. These findings further understanding of the associations between social class and religion, particularly the causal effects of higher education.
    July 23, 2016   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12153   open full text
  • Revanchist Masculinity: Gender Attitudes in Sex Work Management.
    Max Besbris.
    Sociological Quarterly. July 23, 2016
    Pimps, or male managers of female sex workers, are commonly represented in popular culture as hypermasculine and as a ubiquitous part of sex work. However, there is little empirical scholarship on pimps or the construction of their masculinity. Drawing on ethnographic and interview data, this article demonstrates how pimps produce a “revanchist masculinity” that seeks to reclaim power from women and establish status over other men. Pimps are suspicious of sex workers’ motives and deny them decision‐making power and profit sharing—processes that highlight how work practices can structure gender identity construction.
    July 23, 2016   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12149   open full text
  • Man Up, Man Down: Race–Ethnicity and the Hierarchy of Men in Female‐Dominated Work.
    Jill E. Yavorsky, Philip N. Cohen, Yue Qian.
    Sociological Quarterly. July 20, 2016
    Scholars have largely overlooked the significance of race and socioeconomic status in determining which men traverse gender boundaries into female‐dominated, typically devalued, work. Examining the gender composition of the jobs that racial minority men occupy provides critical insights into mechanisms of broader racial disparities in the labor market—in addition to stalled occupational desegregation trends between men and women. Using nationally representative data from the three‐year American Community Survey (2010–2012), we examine racial/ethnic and educational differences in which men occupy gender‐typed jobs. We find that racial minority men are more likely than white men to occupy female‐dominated jobs at all levels of education—except highly educated Asian/Pacific Islander men—and that these patterns are more pronounced at lower levels of education. These findings have implications for broader occupational inequality patterns among men as well as between men and women.
    July 20, 2016   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12152   open full text
  • How to Sociologically Read a Movie.
    Albert Bergesen.
    Sociological Quarterly. July 19, 2016
    Movies embody cultural values; those of class, gender, ethnicity, region, and nation come immediately to mind. They also reflect deeper civilizational assumptions such as Enlightenment values of moral redemption through human agency toward social progress that will be examined here by comparing the movies Avatar (2009) and District 9 (2009). The methodology is to identify backstage cultural assumptions that have to be assumed to make sense out of frontstage plot development. The idea of “species jumping” is introduced to illustrate the deteriorating idea that distinctly human agency is capable of producing a better social world and attaining secular moral redemption as the protagonists in both films reincarnate into alien species.
    July 19, 2016   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12151   open full text
  • Between the Living and Undead: How Zombie Cinema Reflects the Social Construction of Risk, the Anxious Self, and Disease Pandemic.
    Robert Wonser, David Boyns.
    Sociological Quarterly. June 14, 2016
    The zombie film has become an important component of contemporary popular culture. The sociological nature of the themes addressed by these films reflect prominent social concerns, and lend themselves to sociological analysis as texts themselves. This article examines the zombie film genre, its history, predominant themes, and its illustration of sociological dynamics related to identity, collective behavior, disease, contagion, and the privileges that come from social inequality. Particular attention is placed on what the zombie films, themselves, can tell us about society and how they illustrate sociological principles. First, we examine the origins and history of zombie cinema. Next, we move to a discussion of the central narrative devices around which zombie films are organized. In particular, we focus on two narratives in zombie films: those that emphasize zombie possession; and those that focus on the sociological risks of zombie pandemics. The discussion then moves to an analysis of zombies as selves, and how zombie films express cultural anxieties about selfhood, loss of autonomy, and threats of de‐individualization. We then explore the roles of power and privilege in the social epidemiology of zombification, paying particular attention to how those who succumb to zombiedom illustrate the sociological dynamics of health disparities in the real world. Finally, the sociology of infectious disease is used to address how zombiedom correlates with real disease outbreaks, what we know about the social aspects of infectious disease transmission, and the sociology of pandemics.
    June 14, 2016   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12150   open full text
  • Different Game, Different Frame?: Black Counterdiscourses and Depictions of Immigration in Atlanta's African‐American and Mainstream Press.
    Irene Browne, Natalie Delia Deckard, Cassaundra Rodriguez.
    Sociological Quarterly. April 20, 2016
    This article compares the discourse on immigration found in Atlanta's African‐American press (Atlanta Daily World) to that found in Atlanta's mainstream press (Atlanta Journal‐Constitution). The Daily World's black counterdiscourse situates immigration within a racial frame, discussing Latinos and immigrants interchangeably and casting African Americans as deserving yet excluded citizens. Immigrants appear in the Daily World as either allies in the struggle for civil rights or as competitors for jobs. Although the Daily World crime frames focus on concerns about racial profiling, the Journal‐Constitution often depicts immigrants as criminals or discusses immigration in terms of legal status and policy.
    April 20, 2016   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12146   open full text
  • The Role of Religion in Parenting Satisfaction and Parenting Stress Among Young Parents.
    W. Matthew Henderson, Jeremy E. Uecker, Samuel Stroope.
    Sociological Quarterly. April 19, 2016
    Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we examine how religious characteristics affect parenting satisfaction and stress among young parents, and how these relationships vary by gender and relationship status. Results indicate that religiosity is associated with higher parenting satisfaction, and differences across religious traditions are observed for parenting stress. These relationships are generally not moderated by gender or relationship status, suggesting religion influences parenting satisfaction and stress similarly across these contexts. Religion has a generally positive influence on parenting attitudes among young parents—both mothers and fathers—in diverse family structures.
    April 19, 2016   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12147   open full text
  • Is Nature‐Oriented Tourism a Pro‐Environmental Practice?: Examining Tourism–Environmentalism Alignments Through Discourse Networks and Intersectoral Relationships.
    Mark C. J. Stoddart, Elahe Nezhadhossein.
    Sociological Quarterly. April 19, 2016
    A key tenet of ecotourism is that interacting with nature through tourism cultivates environmental awareness and responsibility. We examine this assumption by analyzing discourse networks and organizational networks that connect tourism and environmentalism in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. Using a combination of interviews, field observation, and web‐based data, we ask: Is there an alignment of tourism and environmental discourse regarding human interaction with and use of coastal environments? Are there meaningful organizational ties between tourism and environmental organizations? We conclude that there is little indication that nature‐oriented tourism is working to produce substantial changes to our broader political ecology.
    April 19, 2016   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12148   open full text
  • Neoliberal Globalization and Heightened Perceptions of Class Division in Iceland.
    Guðmundur Oddsson.
    Sociological Quarterly. March 16, 2016
    This article uses the case of Iceland to study how neoliberal globalization impacts class discourse in the political field and broader perceptions of class division. Analyzing a leading newspaper and parliamentary debates from 1986–2012, I show how neoliberal globalization—especially by increasing economic inequality—created a disjuncture between an increasingly differentiated social space and a national habitus cultivated in a small, homogeneous, and egalitarian society. This undermined taken‐for‐granted assumptions of relative classlessness and heightened perceptions of class division during a neoliberal ascendancy period from 1995 to Iceland's economic collapse in September 2008.
    March 16, 2016   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12143   open full text
  • Parenting as Activism: Identity Alignment and Activist Persistence in the White Power Movement.
    Pete Simi, Robert Futrell, Bryan F. Bubolz.
    Sociological Quarterly. March 03, 2016
    This article addresses the relationship between identity and activism and discusses implications for social movement persistence. We explain how individuals negotiate opportunities as parents to align and extend an activist identity with a movement's collective expectations. Specifically, we focus on how participants in the U.S. white power movement use parenting as a key role to express commitment to the movement, develop correspondence among competing and potentially conflicting identities, and ultimately sustain their activism. We suggest that parenting may provide unique opportunities for activists in many movements to align personal, social, and collective movement identities and simultaneously affirm their identities as parents and persist as social movement activists.
    March 03, 2016   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12144   open full text
  • “There are Two People at Work that I'm Fairly Certain are Black”: Uncertainty and Deliberative Thinking in Blind Race Attribution.
    Asia Friedman.
    Sociological Quarterly. February 03, 2016
    Geneticists, biologists, social scientists, and humanist scholars have powerfully critiqued race as a stable set of biological categories. Despite this, in everyday life, race is consistently assumed to be visually available in physical features. Racial categories also continue to be used in scientific and social scientific research as if they were self‐evident and real. In this study, I examine the role of visual perception in the construction of racial categories and their recalcitrance in everyday thought and interaction. My observations are based on in‐depth interviews with 25 blind people, which highlight the unique features of their nonvisual, non‐appearance‐based experiences of race.
    February 03, 2016   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12140   open full text
  • The Authors.

    Sociological Quarterly. January 13, 2016
    --- - - The Sociological Quarterly, Volume 57, Issue 1, Page 4-5, Winter 2016.
    January 13, 2016   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12121   open full text
  • Issue Information – Society Page.

    Sociological Quarterly. January 13, 2016
    --- - - The Sociological Quarterly, Volume 57, Issue 1, Page 2-2, Winter 2016.
    January 13, 2016   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12123   open full text
  • Issue Information – Editorial Page.

    Sociological Quarterly. January 13, 2016
    --- - - The Sociological Quarterly, Volume 57, Issue 1, Page 1-1, Winter 2016.
    January 13, 2016   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12122   open full text
  • Issue Information – TOC.

    Sociological Quarterly. January 13, 2016
    --- - - The Sociological Quarterly, Volume 57, Issue 1, Page 3-3, Winter 2016.
    January 13, 2016   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12120   open full text
  • A New Kuznetsian Dynamic: The Knowledge Economy and Income Inequality in the United States, 1917–2008.
    Roy Kwon.
    Sociological Quarterly. January 13, 2016
    ["The Sociological Quarterly, Volume 57, Issue 1, Page 174-204, Winter 2016. ", "\nThe rise of the knowledge economy resulted in higher levels of income inequality in the United States and forced many to question the Kuznets Inverted‐U hypothesis. However, this study argues that the establishment of a knowledge economy does not negate the importance of employment shifts for income inequality. Instead, the expansion of knowledge employment alters the major sectors that are responsible for the overall distribution of income. To this end, this article presents the key argument that the current service–knowledge transition impacts income inequality trends, of today, in a way that is similar to the agricultural–industrial transition, of the past. According to the autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity regressions, the agricultural–industrial transition returns stronger associations with income inequality in the United States before 1950. The agricultural–industrial transition's impact diminishes thereafter as the service–knowledge transition shares a more robust association with income inequality after 1980.\n"]
    January 13, 2016   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12106   open full text
  • Religiously Motivated Migration.
    Cory Anderson.
    Sociological Quarterly. January 06, 2016
    Self‐interested motives are typically assumed when addressing migration causation. However, values, such as those from religion, can also motivate migration. This study develops a theoretical framework of religiously motivated migration. Inasmuch as values are derived from and reinforced within groups, religions with strong cohesion are more likely to act on one of three value‐based religious migration motivations: sacred command, context conducive for religious practice, and awareness of potential membership losses from competition. This theoretical framework is demonstrated through Amish‐Mennonite migration. Generalizability is suggested from a brief review of the Puritans, Jews, Muslims, Mormons, and Russian Mennonites.
    January 06, 2016   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12139   open full text
  • Race, Supervisorial Change, and Job Outcomes: Employability Resilience in NCAA Division I College Basketball Coaching.
    Scott V. Savage, Ryan Seebruck.
    Sociological Quarterly. January 06, 2016
    We examine how race affects the employment status of subordinates following a job change by their immediate supervisors. We test whether racial homophily between a subordinate and a supervisor affects the odds of being let go. We also consider whether a racial match between an incoming head coach and assistant affects whether assistants retain their assistant coaching position. Data for these analyses come from a unique data set that explores what happens to 704 NCAA Division I college basketball assistant coaches after the head coach leaves the school. Logistic regression analyses confirm the benefit of working for a white head coach as this decreases the likelihood of being let go, compared to more positive outcomes such as following the coach to a new school, being internally promoted or retained after the head coach's departure. Furthermore, racial homophily with incoming head coaches insulates subordinates from having to search for new employment by increasing the likelihood of assistants being retained.
    January 06, 2016   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12141   open full text
  • When Freedom is Not an Endless Meeting: A New Look at Efficiency in Consensus‐Based Decision Making.
    Darcy K. Leach.
    Sociological Quarterly. December 16, 2015
    --- - |2 It is axiomatic among scholars of participatory democracy that consensus‐based decision making is inefficient, yet no study has systematically assessed that claim. This article examines the efficiency of consensus decision making in 12 social movement groups from the German autonomous and nonviolence movements. Data were analyzed from 62 semistructured interviews regarding how long it took each group to make a typical decision and what types of decisions were the easiest and most difficult to make. A measure of inclusiveness was included to determine whether efficiency was attained by silencing dissent. Most decisions were made in less than two hours. Factors were identified that distinguished more and less efficient groups. - The Sociological Quarterly, Volume 57, Issue 1, Page 36-70, Winter 2016.
    December 16, 2015   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12137   open full text
  • Race, Wealth, and Class Identification in 21st‐Century American Society.
    Isaac Speer.
    Sociological Quarterly. December 09, 2015
    This study examines the determinants of Americans’ subjective class identities, using General Social Survey data from 2006. In particular, this study addresses the question of whether individuals’ objective class positions, including wealth, account for differences in class identification between whites and blacks. The principal finding is that self‐identified blacks have lower odds of identifying as middle class or upper class than self‐identified whites, net of their objective class positions and their class origins. This finding suggests that the class identities of blacks are shaped by experiences of racial discrimination or by other elements of racial inequality.
    December 09, 2015   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12136   open full text
  • The Logic of A Co‐Operative Economy and Democracy 2.0: Recovering the Possibilities for Autonomy, Creativity, Solidarity, and Common Purpose.
    Joyce Rothschild.
    Sociological Quarterly. December 08, 2015
    --- - |2 Over the past 30 years, the collectivist‐democratic form of organization has presented a growing alternative to the bureaucratic form, and it has proliferated, here and around the world. This form is manifest, for example, within micro‐credit groups, workers’ co‐operatives, nongovernmental organizations, advocacy groups, self‐help groups, community and municipal initiatives, social movement organizations, and in many nonprofit groups in general. It is most visible in the civil society sector, but demands for deeper participation are also evident in communities and cities, and the search for more involving and less bureaucratic structures has spread into many for‐profit firms as well. Building on research on this form of organization, this article develops a model of the decisional processes utilized in such organizations and contrasts these “Democracy 2.0” standards for decision making from the Democracy 1.0 (representative and formal) standards that previously prevailed. Drawing on a new generation of research on these sorts of organizations, this article and this special section discuss: (a) how consensus decisional processes are being made more efficient; (b) how such organizations are now able to scale to fairly large size while still retaining their local and participatory basis; (c) how such organizations are cultivating a more diverse membership and using such diversity to build more democratic forms of governance; (d) how such organizations are combatting ethnoracial and gender inequalities that prevail in the surrounding society; and (e) how emotions are getting infused into the public conversations within these organizations and communities. - The Sociological Quarterly, Volume 57, Issue 1, Page 7-35, Winter 2016.
    December 08, 2015   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12138   open full text
  • Resource or Obstacle?: Classed Reports of Student–Faculty Relations.
    Megan Thiele.
    Sociological Quarterly. October 07, 2015
    This article explores the relationship between undergraduate students’ class‐based cultural capital and their facility in developing relationships with faculty. Based on in‐depth interviews with 44 students at an elite university, this study reveals that lower‐ and middle‐class students tended to inadvertently opt out of this key relational opportunity. Compared with upper‐class students, who predominantly reported an “appreciative ease” orientation toward faculty, students from lower‐class origins tended to approach faculty with “hesitant appreciation” and middle‐class students with “critical suspicion.” These orientations or interaction styles of nonelite students were obstacles to the potential benefits of student–faculty relationships. These findings suggest that scholars and policy makers should pay attention not only to the experiences of lower‐class students, but also to the challenges confronting middle‐class students at highly selective universities.
    October 07, 2015   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12117   open full text
  • Emotions and Emotional Labor at Worker‐Owned Businesses: Deep Acting, Surface Acting, and Genuine Emotions.
    Elizabeth A. Hoffmann.
    Sociological Quarterly. October 06, 2015
    --- - |2 Members of worker cooperatives—organizations collectively owned and democratically run by their workers—report substantial differences in how they can or must perform various emotions, compared with previous work at conventional, hierarchical organizations. First, some emotions not allowed in conventional workplaces are fully permitted at worker cooperatives, including negative emotions, like anger, but also positive emotions, like enthusiasm. In contrast, other emotions must be displayed, even if insincere. Sometimes, these displays are accomplished through surface acting, like pretending to happily accept the slow pace of committee‐led change. Other times, through deep acting, members internalized new emotional reactions, such as pride, instead of resentment, when helping coworkers even after their own shifts had ended. - The Sociological Quarterly, Volume 57, Issue 1, Page 152-173, Winter 2016.
    October 06, 2015   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12113   open full text
  • Diversity Regimes in Worker Cooperatives: Workplace Inequality under Conditions of Worker Control.
    Joan S. M. Meyers, Steven Peter Vallas.
    Sociological Quarterly. October 06, 2015
    --- - |2 Two major shifts in contemporary work organizations—“employee participation” and “diversity management”—have typically been studied in isolation from one another. Building on theoretical work by Acker (2006a,b), we ask how the interaction of these two constructs has affected the pursuit of workplace democracy at two worker cooperatives in Northern California. Using qualitative methods, we find that distinct “diversity regimes” have emerged at these establishments, substantially affecting the configurations of inequality that evolved. We distinguish two types of diversity regimes—“utilitarian” and “communitarian”—which operate either to obscure the workings of inequality or to foster attention to their presence. Our results suggest that how sociodemographic differences are managed has material consequences for the development of egalitarian structures at work. - The Sociological Quarterly, Volume 57, Issue 1, Page 98-128, Winter 2016.
    October 06, 2015   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12114   open full text
  • “Plan your Burn, Burn your Plan”: How Decentralization, Storytelling, and Communification Can Support Participatory Practices.
    Katherine K. Chen.
    Sociological Quarterly. October 06, 2015
    --- - |2 Research has found that compared with larger groups, small ones had fewer difficulties with retaining their participatory‐democratic practices and values. However, the endurance and expansion of Burning Man, from 20 friends and family in 1986 to a temporary arts community of more than 66,000 persons in 2014, suggests that collectivities can maintain and augment participatory practices over increasing scale. Using an ethnographic study of organizing activities spanning 1998 to 2001 and follow‐up research through 2012, I focus on how the Burning Man organization has sustained its participatory‐democratic principles over dramatic growth. Specifically, I show how the Burning Man organization promoted and sustained authentic voice and engagement by (1) decentralizing agency, (2) contextualizing norms and practices via storytelling and discussion, and (3) “communifying” labor. - The Sociological Quarterly, Volume 57, Issue 1, Page 71-97, Winter 2016.
    October 06, 2015   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12115   open full text
  • Marriage and Offending: Examining the Significance of Marriage among the Children of Immigrants.
    Bianca E. Bersani, Stephanie M. DiPietro.
    Sociological Quarterly. October 06, 2015
    Although research shows that involvement in crime varies across immigrant generations, less is known about why this is so. Using 13 waves of National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 data, we examine the influence of marriage—a key correlate of desistance from crime—to understand more fully patterns of offending across immigrant generations during the transition to adulthood. Results indicate a lower prevalence of offending among first‐generation immigrants compared with their second‐generation and third‐plus‐generation peers; however, among active offenders, rates of offending are similar across groups. Notably, marriage exerts a significantly stronger effect on offending for second‐generation immigrants, suggesting that, while assimilation may be associated with more offending, it is also associated with a greater potency of marriage in promoting desistance from crime.
    October 06, 2015   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12116   open full text
  • Producing and Reducing Gender Inequality in A Worker‐Recovered Cooperative.
    Katherine Sobering.
    Sociological Quarterly. September 10, 2015
    --- - |2 Decades of feminist scholarship documents the persistence of gender inequality in work organizations. Yet few studies explicitly examine gender inequality in collectivist organizations like worker cooperatives. This article draws on the “theory of gendered organizations” to consider how gender operates in a worker‐recovered cooperative in contemporary Argentina. Based on ethnographic and archival research in Hotel B.A.U.E.N., this article finds that although gender remains a salient feature of the workplace, the cooperative has also adopted policies that take steps toward addressing gender inequality. It concludes by offering an updated theoretical framework for the future study of “gendered organizations.” - The Sociological Quarterly, Volume 57, Issue 1, Page 129-151, Winter 2016.
    September 10, 2015   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12112   open full text
  • Suicide, Religion, and Latinos: A Macrolevel Study of U.S. Latino Suicide Rates.
    Raymond E. Barranco.
    Sociological Quarterly. August 20, 2015
    Since the publication of Durkheim's Suicide more than a century ago, researchers have been examining the relationship between religion and suicide, and race/ethnicity and suicide. However, no study has examined how religion influences U.S. Latino suicide rates. This study fills a gap in the literature by applying three competing theses to the study of Latino suicide. Results show that (1) religious contextual variables significantly affect Latino suicide rates, (2) U.S.‐born Latinos benefit from religious communities, regardless of denomination or measurement used, and (3) foreign‐born Latinos only benefit from Catholic adherents and homogeneity.
    August 20, 2015   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12110   open full text
  • Managers in the Global Economy: A Multilevel Analysis.
    Yunus Kaya, Nathan D. Martin.
    Sociological Quarterly. August 06, 2015
    We examine individual‐ and country‐level determinants of managerial employment, using data from the 1989 to 2009 waves of the World Values and European Values Surveys (n = 89,336 employed adults in 59 countries). Reflecting the rise of the transnational capitalist class, we find that factors related to globalization and international political institutions are most strongly associated with opportunities to join the managerial class relative to factors related to the business‐cycle or development. Additionally, in a subset of countries with detailed occupational information, we find that global trade has a particularly strong, positive association with the odds of being a corporate manager in a large firm.
    August 06, 2015   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12111   open full text
  • Culture and Suicide Acceptability: A Cross‐National, Multilevel Analysis.
    Steven Stack, Augustine J. Kposowa.
    Sociological Quarterly. August 06, 2015
    Cultural perspectives on suicidality have been largely marked by work explaining variability in suicide acceptability in the United States using structural variables including marital status and demographics, and limited symbolic or values orientations such as feminism, political liberalism, and civil liberties. The present article applies recent developments in comparative cultural sociology to the problem of suicidality. The central hypothesis is that cultural approval of suicide is related to a general cultural axis of nations (self‐expressionism) encompassing several values orientations such as tolerance and post‐materialism. Data are from Wave 4 of the World Values Surveys and refer to 53,275 individuals nested in 56 nations. Controls are incorporated from previous studies and include structural and demographic constructs. A hierarchical linear regression model determined that the degree of individual‐level adherence to the values of self‐expressionism predicted suicide acceptability (SA), independent of controls including ones interpretable from Durkheimian perspectives. Furthermore, persons high in individual‐level self‐expressionism nested in like‐minded nations were relatively high in SA. The analysis of the subject is expanded to 56 nations representing all major culture zones and varied levels of economic/political development. It determined that SA is shaped by a new, broad cultural construct, self‐expressionism whose impact is independent of Durkheimian familial and religious integration.
    August 06, 2015   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12109   open full text
  • Long‐Term Physical Health Consequences of Adverse Childhood Experiences.
    Shannon M. Monnat, Raeven Faye Chandler.
    Sociological Quarterly. July 03, 2015
    This study examined associations between adverse childhood family experiences and adult physical health using data from 52,250 U.S. adults aged 18 to 64 from the 2009 to 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. We found that experiencing childhood physical, verbal, or sexual abuse, witnessing parental domestic violence, experiencing parental divorce, and living with someone who was depressed, abused drugs or alcohol, or who had been incarcerated were associated with one or more of the following health outcomes: self‐rated health, functional limitations, diabetes, and heart attack. Adult socioeconomic status and poor mental health and health behaviors significantly mediated several of these associations. The results of this study highlight the importance of family‐based adverse childhood experiences on adult health outcomes and suggest that adult socioeconomic status (SES) and stress‐related coping behaviors may be crucial links between trauma in the childhood home and adult health.
    July 03, 2015   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12107   open full text
  • “Step Up and Be a Man in a Different Manner”: Unemployed Men Reframing Masculinity.
    Ilana Demantas, Kristen Myers.
    Sociological Quarterly. April 30, 2015
    Although the percentage of women working for pay outside the home has steadily increased over time, traditional gender frames still valorize the male breadwinner and the female caregiver, and most households remain organized along gender lines. Recently, however, the global economic crisis significantly altered the structure of work in the United States. Beginning in 2007, “breadwinning” men began to lose jobs in multiple economic sectors. Because work is tied to masculine identities, these men suffered psychologically as well as economically. Using data from 40 semistructured intensive interviews with diverse men, we examine their strategies for coping. These men reframed household labor as work befitting men, even while reiterating traditional gender ideals. They began to adopt gender‐flexible schema in response to structural changes beyond their control.
    April 30, 2015   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12099   open full text
  • Bilingualism and Status Attainment among Latinos.
    Jennifer C. Lee, Sarah J. Hatteberg.
    Sociological Quarterly. April 25, 2015
    Recent research demonstrates that bilingualism is associated with positive educational outcomes. Less is known, however, about its influence on status attainment in young adulthood. In this study, we utilize data from the National Educational Longitudinal Study of 2000 to examine the influence of bilingualism during adolescence on educational attainment, occupation, and income among Latinos. We find that compared with English dominance, biliteracy is positively associated with high school completion and occupational prestige among Latina women and that oral and passive bilingualism are negatively associated with high school completion among Latino men. We suggest these differences reflect the gendered experiences of language. Spanish‐speaking men may be stigmatized, whereas biliterate women may gain valuable skills that are rewarded in school and in the labor market.
    April 25, 2015   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12097   open full text
  • In the Eye of the Beholder: The Stratification of Taste in a Cultural Industry.
    Sharon Koppman.
    Sociological Quarterly. April 25, 2015
    Scholars argue that cultural intermediaries—that is, people that sell popular culture—accomplish their work through an affinity between their personal taste and that of their consumers. Yet, studies have not examined the social origins of such taste. To address this gap, I use qualitative and quantitative methods to analyze data collected from a probability sample of U.S. advertising practitioners. I find that although the tastes of cultural intermediaries are socially stratified, they are not consistently the “middlebrow” taste long associated with such industries. Additionally, by incorporating a two‐dimensional model of class and focusing on how cultural goods are consumed, I extend knowledge on taste more generally.
    April 25, 2015   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12098   open full text
  • Economy “versus” Environment: The Influence of Economic Ideology and Political Identity on Perceived Threat of Eco‐Catastrophe.
    Stefano B. Longo, Joseph O. Baker.
    Sociological Quarterly. February 18, 2014
    Using data from a national survey of American adults, we examine the relationships between economic, political, sociodemographic, and religious characteristics with perception of the potential for eco‐catastrophe. We employ the treadmill of production theory to frame our understanding of views about ecological concerns, arguing that the treadmill discourse associated with economic development is hegemonic and fundamentally shapes public views of eco‐catastrophe. In line with this approach, economic ideology is the strongest predictor of attitudes about eco‐catastrophe, and its influence is conditioned by political identity. There is also significant patterning in these perceptions based on gender, race, education, and religion, but the influence of social characteristics is primarily indirect—mediated by economic ideology and political identity. These results provide useful information for addressing environmental problems in public discourse and bridging policy divides.
    February 18, 2014   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12052   open full text
  • Upgraded to Bad Jobs: Low‐Wage Black Women's Relative Status since 1970.
    Enobong Hannah Branch, Caroline Hanley.
    Sociological Quarterly. January 29, 2014
    Labor market changes complicate the analysis of black women's status relative to white women because education, occupational attainment, and race–gender are now less predictive of earnings. Low‐wage black women's relative status has improved somewhat from 1970 to 2000, contrary to the well‐documented decrease in relative status reported for all black women wage earners since 1980, but their dramatic occupational upgrading was not responsible for the trend. White‐collar occupational positions formerly responsible for white women's relative earnings advantage no longer deliver that reward, as restructuring has produced a proliferation of bad jobs across occupational groups. This study argues that increasing exposure to precarious work is crucial to understanding changes in low‐wage black women's relative economic status since 1970.
    January 29, 2014   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12053   open full text
  • The Real Reason 60 Is the New 30: Consumer Debt and Income Insecurity in Late Middle Age.
    Kevin T. Leicht, Scott T. Fitzgerald.
    Sociological Quarterly. January 29, 2014
    In this analysis, we revisit the arguments made in our 2007 book, Post‐Industrial Peasants: The Illusion of Middle Class Prosperity, and foreshadow our arguments in our forthcoming book, Middle Class Meltdown in America: Causes, Consequences and Remedies (2014, Routledge). The plight of the American middle class has been growing steadily since the early 1980s, and has been compounded further by the recession of 2008–2009 and its aftermath. We extend our prior work by examining the particular effects of long‐term middle‐class decline and the recent recession on Americans over 55 years old. Our retirement savings simulation presents in stark terms the cumulative disadvantage of working in unsteady jobs with stagnant wages over the course of a late‐20th‐ and early 21st‐century work career. In our discussion, we suggest that one cultural adaptation to the retirement savings crisis is the denial of the realities of aging and the suggestion that most age‐related problems are temporary and fixable. In short, we suspect that one reason “60 is the new 30” is because few Americans can afford to be 60.
    January 29, 2014   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12054   open full text
  • Bringing Productivity Back In: Rising Inequality and Economic Rents in the U.S. Manufacturing Sector, 1971 to 2001.
    Arthur Sakamoto, ChangHwan Kim.
    Sociological Quarterly. January 29, 2014
    Using data on earnings and productivity for U.S. manufacturing industries from 1971 to 2001, we investigate economic rents and rising income inequalities. The results suggest that rents are most significant for managers, professionals, middle‐aged workers, and older workers. Conversely, negative rents are evident for women, Hispanics, single men, and blue‐collar workers. The underpayment of Hispanics appears to have increased while African Americans have gone from being underpaid to being overpaid. Workers with a college degree have become overpaid (i.e., “credentialism”) while “gift‐exchange” efficiency wages have declined. The marginal productivity of labor input has increased but is increasingly underpaid.
    January 29, 2014   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12055   open full text
  • Introductory Comments: “Does the American Middle Class Have a Future???”.
    Scott T. Fitzgerald, Kevin T. Leicht.
    Sociological Quarterly. January 29, 2014
    There is no abstract available for this paper.
    January 29, 2014   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12057   open full text
  • Credit Card Blues: The Middle Class and the Hidden Costs of Easy Credit.
    Randy Hodson, Rachel E. Dwyer, Lisa A. Neilson.
    Sociological Quarterly. January 29, 2014
    In an era of increased access to credit, it becomes increasingly important to understand the consequences of taking on unsecured consumer debt. We argue that credit can have both positive and negative consequences resulting from its ability to smooth life transitions and difficulties but that this occurs simultaneously with increased financial risks and stress resulting from carrying unsecured debt. We find that those in the middle of the income distribution suffer the greatest disruptions to mental health from carrying debt. Affluent borrowers are relatively unmoved by debt, suggesting the use of short‐term debt as a convenience strategy for the financially well heeled. The least advantaged borrowers also suffer emotionally less from debt, possibly because securing spendable funds for necessities remains their most pressing concern. The onset of the Great Recession, however, produced increased emotional distress for all classes.
    January 29, 2014   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12059   open full text
  • Credit and Credibility: Homeownership and Identity Management in the Midst of the Foreclosure Crisis.
    Karen McCormack.
    Sociological Quarterly. January 29, 2014
    This article explores how homeowners threatened with foreclosure attribute responsibility for their troubles and manage the stigma of mortgage default. In light of widespread home loss, at‐risk owners develop an understanding of the crisis as a collective experience and yet still experience stigma and employ identity management techniques to construct themselves as responsible homeowners. Based on interviews and fieldwork, this article explores the tension between collective and individual responsibility and the implications of this attribution for identity.
    January 29, 2014   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12061   open full text
  • Ethnic Coexistence in Deeply Divided Societies: The Case of Arab Athletes in the Hebrew Media.
    Yuval Yonay, Eran Shor.
    Sociological Quarterly. January 29, 2014
    This article examines the various elements affecting reconciliation and coexistence in deeply divided societies through the case of Arab soccer players in the Israeli media. We analyze the discourse surrounding the concept du‐kium (coexistence) in the Israeli media between the years 2002 and 2008. Our findings reveal that Jewish journalists and public figures interpret coexistence as Arab citizens' complete acceptance of the Jewish perspective and narrative. Arab soccer players are expected to underplay their Palestinian identity, master Hebrew, and identify with the Jewish narrative and views. We contrast the Israeli case with two other cases of prolonged conflict—Rwanda and Bosnia‐Herzegovina. The study highlights that cognitive perceptions and schemes may hinder genuine reconciliation even when various groups reject overt racism and profess candid desire for coexistence.
    January 29, 2014   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12056   open full text
  • An Age–Period–Cohort Analysis of Political Tolerance in the United States.
    Philip Schwadel, Christopher R. H. Garneau.
    Sociological Quarterly. January 29, 2014
    We employ hierarchical age–period–cohort models and the 1974–2010 General Social Survey data to examine changes in the political tolerance of gays and lesbians, communists, racists, and anti‐religionists. Results show period‐based growth in political tolerance, cohort‐based growth in tolerance of anti‐religionists, baby boomers are particularly tolerant, and political tolerance is associated with changes in college education. The findings suggest that liberalizing trends in political tolerance are largely motivated by changes among Americans as a whole, not cohort replacement, that baby boomers are unique in their social and political perspectives, and that aggregate changes in higher education are correlated with changes in political tolerance.
    January 29, 2014   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12058   open full text
  • The Unrealistic Educational Expectations of High School Pupils: Is America Exceptional?
    John Jerrim.
    Sociological Quarterly. December 02, 2013
    There is growing concern that many American teenagers hold unrealistic educational plans. This may indicate a detachment from reality, which could be detrimental to well‐being in later life. But is this problem specific to certain countries like the United States, or is it common among young people from across the developed world? This article uses data from the Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) to investigate this issue. It shows how expected and actual college graduation rates differ across a number of countries but also that this gap is particularly large in the United States. Additional analysis suggests that this is being driven, at least in part, by the large proportion of low‐achieving American children who believe they will go on to obtain a bachelor's degree. The implications of these findings are discussed in reference to educational policy and contemporary sociological debates.
    December 02, 2013   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12049   open full text
  • Flexible Work Options and Mothers' Perceptions of Career Harm.
    Jocelyn Elise Crowley, Stanislav Kolenikov.
    Sociological Quarterly. December 02, 2013
    Whether or not mothers, who often struggle with balancing work and parenting responsibilities, perceive that they face career harm in exchange for control over flexible work options at their jobs is an unanswered question. Using 2009 original data from a random‐digit‐dial telephone survey of 441 mothers located across the United States, this study focuses on how control over two latent variables measuring flexibility, flexible work arrangements (such as scheduling and place of work) and time‐off options, influences mothers' career harm perceptions in a total of three work domains: (1) wages/earnings, (2) raises or promotions, and (3) job evaluations. We find perceptions of career harm among only one‐fifth of mothers; in addition, control over time‐off options reduced perceived career damage related to parenting duties. Mothers may have less to fear than previously hypothesized about the potential sacrifices they have to make when they have significant control over certain flexibility options.
    December 02, 2013   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12050   open full text
  • Documented, Undocumented, and Liminally Legal: Legal Status During the Transition to Adulthood for 1.5‐Generation Brazilian Immigrants.
    Kara Cebulko.
    Sociological Quarterly. December 02, 2013
    This article deconstructs the “illegal–legal” binary that characterizes much immigration scholarship. Using in‐depth interviews with 42 1.5‐generation Brazilian immigrants in young adulthood, I find that respondents discuss a distinct hierarchy with four categories of legal membership—undocumented, liminal legality, lawful permanent resident (LPR), and citizen—that affect their daily lives and incorporation. Liminally legal and LPR statuses in particular challenge this illegal–legal dichotomy. Liminal legality is an “in‐between” status in which immigrants possess social security numbers and work permits but have no guarantee of eventual citizenship. Without opportunities to regularize their status, both undocumented and liminally legal young adults face increased vulnerabilities to poverty and social exclusion. Liminally legal youth, however, are in better positions than their undocumented peers during early adulthood because of state‐delimited rights associated with their legal status.
    December 02, 2013   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12045   open full text
  • The International Monetary Fund, Structural Adjustment, and Women's Health: A Cross‐National Analysis of Maternal Mortality in Sub‐Saharan Africa.
    Lauren E. Pandolfelli, John Shandra, Juhi Tyagi.
    Sociological Quarterly. December 02, 2013
    We conduct a cross‐national analysis to test the dependency theory hypothesis that International Monetary Fund structural adjustment adversely impacts maternal mortality in sub‐Saharan Africa. We use generalized least square random effects regression models and modified two‐step Heckman models that correct for endogeneity using data on 37 African nations with up to four time points (1990, 1995, 2000, and 2005). We find support for our hypothesis, which indicates that sub‐Saharan African nations that receive an International Monetary Fund structural adjustment loan tend to have higher levels of maternal mortality than sub‐Saharan African nations that do not receive such a loan. This finding remains stable when controlling for endogeneity related to whether or not a sub‐Saharan African nation receives a structural adjustment loan. We conclude by discussing the theoretical implications, methodological implications, policy suggestions, and possible directions for future research.
    December 02, 2013   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12046   open full text
  • Boundary Labor and the Production of Emotionless Commodities: The Case of Beef Production.
    Colter Ellis.
    Sociological Quarterly. December 02, 2013
    This study examines cattle producers' work in conventional U.S. beef production. Producers express emotional connection to cattle, but also treat cattle as economic assets. Balancing these perspectives is central to their work. This article introduces the concept of “boundary labor” to describe the way producers' emotion management separates cattle physically and emotionally from products derived from their bodies. Producers have three central emotional skills that make this labor possible. They include (1) a sense of responsibility, (2) sentiments of dominion, and (3) faith in the cycle of production.
    December 02, 2013   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12047   open full text
  • Environmental Concern of Labor Union Members in the United States.
    Erik Kojola, Chenyang Xiao, Aaron M. McCright.
    Sociological Quarterly. December 02, 2013
    The labor and environmental movements have had a complicated relationship with periods of cooperation as well as conflict, but recently there has been increasing collaboration at the national level. Whether such a trend of cooperation can be sustained will partially depend on grassroots‐level connections between the two movements. However, there has been little empirical research on the environmental attitudes of union members, which is important for understanding the potential for shared values between union members and environmental activists. This article analyzes 1993, 2000, and 2010 General Social Survey data to examine if the environmental attitudes of people in union households have changed given shifting labor–environment relations and broader political‐economic conditions. We find that union membership does not influence environmental concern in weaker economic times (1993 and 2010) but that it has a positive effect on environmental concern in stronger economic times (2000). Thus, union households are generally no less concerned about the environment than nonunion households. Therefore, strengthening connections between union members and environmental activists may be a feasible strategy for invigorating both the labor and environmental movements.
    December 02, 2013   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12048   open full text
  • Perceptions of Immigrant Criminality: Crime and Social Boundaries.
    Deenesh Sohoni, Tracy W. P. Sohoni.
    Sociological Quarterly. December 02, 2013
    Researchers studying the relationship between immigration and crime frequently note the discrepancy between actual rates and public perceptions of criminal behavior by immigrants. Analyzing staff‐ and reader‐generated texts in a local newspaper, we find that this connection is maintained through a conflation of key terms, assumptions of the legal status of immigrants, and a focus on high‐profile criminal acts. We argue that the discourse of immigrant criminality has been critical in constructing social boundaries used in recent immigration legislation. Our analysis helps explain why current scholarly findings on immigration and crime have had little influence in changing public opinion.
    December 02, 2013   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12039   open full text
  • Exploring the Gay Community Question: Neighborhood and Network Influences on the Experience of Community among Urban Gay Men.
    Brian C. Kelly, Richard M. Carpiano, Adam Easterbrook, Jeffrey T. Parsons.
    Sociological Quarterly. December 02, 2013
    The reported declining significance of gay neighborhoods has raised questions about the role of gay enclaves as a locus for community building. Using Wellman and Leighton's community “lost,” “saved,” and “liberated” frameworks, we examine the degree to which gay enclave residence and network socializing are associated with experiences of gay community among men in the New York City area. Multilevel models indicate that enclave residence is neither directly nor indirectly associated with perceived community cohesion or community attachment. Increased socializing with gay men and heterosexuals were, respectively, positively and negatively associated with our community outcomes. Increased socializing with lesbians was associated with greater community attachment, while socializing with bisexuals was associated with greater perceived community cohesion. Our findings lend support for a “gay community liberated” perspective; experiences of gay community are shaped principally by network relations rather than residential proximity to gay institutions.
    December 02, 2013   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12041   open full text
  • Class Origin and College Graduates' Parenting Beliefs.
    Jessi Streib.
    Sociological Quarterly. September 13, 2013
    Previous studies have documented relationships between parenting beliefs and social class. Few studies, however, have examined how parenting beliefs vary among those who share a class position. Drawing upon interviews with 54 college graduates—27 parents with working‐class origins and their 27 spouses with middle‐class origins—I show that heterogeneity in college‐educated parents' beliefs cohered around class origin. Specifically, ideas of children's education and time use related to class origin, though ideas of how to talk with children did not. I discuss the implications of these findings in terms of cultural reproduction, cultural mobility, and intergenerational inequality.
    September 13, 2013   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12037   open full text
  • Examining Mental Health Court Completion: A Focal Concerns Perspective.
    Bradley Ray, Cindy Brooks Dollar.
    Sociological Quarterly. September 13, 2013
    Sociologists have long‐raised concern about disparate treatment in the justice system. Focal concerns have become the dominant perspective in explaining these disparities in legal processing decisions. Despite the growth of problem‐solving courts, little research has examined how this perspective operates in nontraditional court settings. This article used a mixed‐method approach to examine focal concerns in a mental health court (MHC). Observational findings indicate that gender and length of time in court influence the court's contextualization of noncompliance. While discussions of race were absent in observational data, competing‐risk survival analysis finds that gender and race interact to predict MHC termination.
    September 13, 2013   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12032   open full text
  • Race and the Religious Contexts of Violence: Linking Religion and White, Black, and Latino Violent Crime.
    Jeffery T. Ulmer, Casey T. Harris.
    Sociological Quarterly. September 13, 2013
    Research has demonstrated that concentrated disadvantage and other measures are strongly associated with aggregate‐level rates of violence, including across racial and ethnic groups. Less studied is the impact of cultural factors, including religious contextual measures. The current study addresses several key gaps in prior literature by utilizing race/ethnic‐specific arrest data from California, New York, and Texas paired with religious contextual data from the Religious Congregations and Memberships Survey. Results suggest that, net of important controls, (1) religious contextual measures have significant crime‐reducing associations with violence; (2) these associations are race/ethnic specific; and (3) religious contextual measures moderate the criminogenic association between disadvantage and violence for blacks. Implications for future research are discussed.
    September 13, 2013   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12034   open full text
  • From Road Rage to Everyday Automotive Incivility: A Routine Activities Approach to Low‐Level Deviance.
    Philip Smith, Ryan D. King.
    Sociological Quarterly. May 20, 2013
    Classic sociological theory emphasizing human ecology and the convergence of persons in time and space motivated the “routine activities” approach in criminological research. Empirical work in this tradition focuses on predatory offending, and it has rarely been considered as a theoretical basis for the study of more common, low‐level (mostly nonviolent) deviance. Using commonplace “automotive incivility” as a test case, the present work draws on the routine activities approach in precisely this manner to answer recent theoretical calls for an empirical sociology of familiar encounters and situations. Using data from a nationally representative sample of Australians, this article looks at the time/space distribution, situational commonalities, and emotional consequences of vehicular incivilities. Risk factors consistent with the routine activities paradigm include everyday driving activity and microsituations involving mixed speeds, crowded conditions, and blocked flows. Results also suggest that automotive incivility is more likely than other types of incivility to incite feelings of fear and anger.
    May 20, 2013   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12030   open full text
  • Super Intentions: Golf Course Management and the Evolution of Environmental Responsibility.
    Brad Millington, Brian Wilson.
    Sociological Quarterly. May 20, 2013
    This article examines the golf industry's evolving responses to environment‐related problems since the mid‐1960s. Drawing from an analysis of golf superintendent trade publications, the article shows how golf industry members initially denied that their work could have negative impacts, but eventually acknowledged potential golf‐related environmental problems—and ultimately positioned themselves as environmental leaders through various forms of professionalization. The analysis also reveals contradictions in superintendents' messaging about their environmental expertise and about the safety of turfgrass chemicals. The article concludes with reflections on why these contradictions should inspire concerns about golf's nascent environmental leadership, and on corporate environmentalism generally.
    May 20, 2013   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12033   open full text
  • Trust, Culture, and Cooperation: A Social Dilemma Analysis of Pro‐Environmental Behaviors.
    Kyle Irwin, Nick Berigan.
    Sociological Quarterly. May 20, 2013
    Social dilemmas require a choice between cooperation, or sacrificing for the greater good, and self‐interest. One commonly studied social dilemma is environmental conservation. Previous work suggests that trust predicts cooperation in the form of environmental protection. We contend that this view ignores cultural factors. Building on prior cross‐cultural research, we predict an interaction between strength of social ties and trust on cooperation. Findings from General Social Survey data indicate that low trust levels found in the U.S. South (a collectivist culture) renders trust ineffective at promoting environmental protection. However, trust predicts cooperation in nonsouthern regions (which are more individualist), where trust levels are higher.
    May 20, 2013   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12029   open full text
  • Ethnic Generations: Evolving Ethnic Perceptions among Dominant Groups.
    Orna Sasson‐Levy.
    Sociological Quarterly. May 20, 2013
    This study suggests that generational affiliation is significant in explaining distinctive ethnic perceptions among dominant groups. In Israel, the Ashkenazim, Jews of European descent, constitute the political, social, and economic elite. In‐depth interviews with two generations of Ashkenazim showed similarities in ethnic perceptions, but also revealed important differences among the two generations. For the older group, Ashkenaziness is both an ethnicity‐free norm of Israeliness and a product of European culture performed by both the marking and unmarking of cultural boundaries. The younger group, on the other hand, self‐identifies as Ashkenazi, but interprets Ashkenaziness as a thin ethnicity and primarily a position of social power. This evolution in ethnic perceptions is explained by the historical specific interface of three factors: dominant discursive orders of the era, state institutions and policies, and the encounter with the “other.”
    May 20, 2013   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12035   open full text
  • Paths to Mobility: The Mexican Second Generation at Work in a New Destination.
    Sarah J. Morando.
    Sociological Quarterly. May 20, 2013
    Prior studies have shown that children of Mexican immigrants face structural challenges that threaten to obstruct their economic success in young adulthood. Drawing on 58 interviews with upwardly mobile young adult children of Mexican immigrants in a new immigrant destination in the U.S. South, I examine how a group of second‐generation Mexicans has made occupational gains during their early employment careers. They activated three resources in mobility‐promoting ways given the demographic, economic, and social characteristics of their community. The resources include parental support, advice and guidance from extrafamilial mentors, and bilingualism in English and Spanish.
    May 20, 2013   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12019   open full text
  • The Dialectic of Nation Building in Postcolonial Tanzania.
    Ronald Aminzade.
    Sociological Quarterly. May 20, 2013
    The contradiction between capital accumulation in a global economy and political legitimation within the nation‐state has shaped the contentious politics of citizenship and exclusion in postcolonial Africa. A historical analysis of the early postcolonial, state socialist, and neoliberal eras in the African nation‐state of Tanzania reveals that this contradiction generated conflicts within the country's political elite over various public policies, which defined inclusion and exclusion from the community of the nation, and defined the rights of citizens and noncitizens. Political contention over these policies concerned who should be allowed access to citizenship, what rights should be granted to foreigners, and whether all citizens should be granted the same rights regardless of race. Although the institutional expression of the contradiction varied over time, a key divide was between central government administrators who prioritized economic growth in a global economy, and political party leaders and members of parliament (MPs) who were more focused on securing political legitimacy and electoral support within the nation‐state.
    May 20, 2013   doi: 10.1111/tsq.12031   open full text